Causes of abortion can be broadly categorized into infectious and non-infectious causes. The commonly diagnosed infectious causes of abortion in sheep and goats are Coxiella burnetii (C. burnetii), Chlamydia abortus (C. abortus), Brucella spp., Leptospira spp., Campylobacter fetus, Listeria spp.
How do you prevent miscarriages in goats?
1. Management methods to avoid pregnancy loss:
- Set up a biosecurity program to quarantine all new animals for as long as 30 days before introduction to the farm. …
- Maintain flock in a stress-free, sanitary, uncrowded environment.
- Manage nutritional schemes to maintain good body condition scores.
Can a goat abort and still be pregnant?
Chlamydophila abortus (the agent of enzootic abortion of ewes) is the most common cause of abortion in goats in the USA. In naive herds, up to 60% of pregnant does can abort or give birth to stillborn or weak kids. Abortions can occur at any stage of pregnancy, but most are in the last month.
Can selenium deficiency cause abortion in goats?
Selenium deficiencies can cause abortion and early neonatal death in goats. 23 Selenium deficiency in neonates results in necrosis of skeletal muscle and the myocardium (white muscle disease).
What do you know about abortion in goat?
Abortions can occur as early as 3 months, but the foetus is then usually resorbed. Ewes may abort in the last month of pregnancy. They may give birth to small, weak lambs that die shortly after birth. Spots of blood above the udder and on the hocks of the ewe are visible and may be the only sign of abortion.
What do you do when a goat has an abortion?
When abortion caused by Leptospira is diagnosed in a goat herd, further abortions can be prevented by promptly immunizing the entire herd and simultaneously treating all animals with antibiotics. Only sick does should be treated with antibiotics.
How long after giving birth can a goat get pregnant again?
It’s best to wait at least 18 months (1½ years) between giving birth and getting pregnant again.
What is goat toxemia pregnancy?
Pregnancy toxemia in sheep and goats is also known as pregnancy disease, lambing sickness and twin-lamb/kid disease. The principal cause of pregnancy toxemia is low blood sugar (glucose). Onset of the disease is often triggered by one of several types of stress including nutritional or inclement weather.
What is goat brucellosis?
Brucellosis (Malta Fever, Mediterranean Fever, Undulant Fever) causes fever, night sweats, chills, headaches, joint and bone pain, muscle aches, weakness, weight loss, nausea, and depression. This disease is difficult to diagnose and resembles influenza or malaria.
What does copper deficiency look like in goats?
Goats on grass pasture only, or tethered on kikuyu-predominant coastal pasture often display signs of copper deficiency. The non-specific signs are ill thrift, scouring, rough dull coat, anaemia and poor reproductive ability. Angoras may have harsh mohair.
What does selenium deficiency look like in goats?
Deficiency symptoms include poor growth rate, kids being unable to suckle, white muscle disease (cardiac and skeletal muscles have white spots), sudden death by heart attack, progressive paralysis and retained afterbirth.
How do I know if my goat needs selenium?
Signs of selenium deficiency in mature animals include poor reproductive performance, weak or dead offspring and retained placentas. With young animals, Dr. Alice Ennis see’s poor growth, depressed immune function and skeletal and cardiac muscle dystrophy.
What causes abortion in animals?
Infectious conditions such as Bovine Viral Diarrhea (BVD), Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBRT), Leptospirosis, Brucellosis, Mycotic abortion, Actinomyces, Trichomoniasis, Campylobacteriosis, Listeriosis, Chlamydiosis, and Epizootic Bovine Abortion may cause abortion in cattle.
How do sheep treat abortion?
Control consists of isolating all affected ewes and lambs and treating in-contact ewes with long-acting oxytetracycline or oral tetracycline. C abortus bacterins are available and reduce abortions. In parts of Europe, a modified-live vaccine is available for use. C abortus is zoonotic, but human cases are rare.
What are the signs of Listeria in goats?
Symptoms include circling in one direction, high fever, lack of appetite, red tissues around the eyes, usually with blindness, and depression. Affected animals may have a droopy ear, drooping eyelid, and saliva running from limp lips on one side of the face caused by a partial paralysis.